Switzerland is a multicultural country. People with roots in Germany, France, Italy and other European nations call the Alpine nation home. All the various cultures have an influence on Swiss fashion, as does the nation’s climate. Switzerland’s climate is temperate, although temperatures vary according to the altitude. Temperatures in lower elevations range from cool to warm, with humid summers having occasional showers.
- Develop a repertoire. As a cabaret singer, you will need to be able to sing between three and four hours of solid music each night. But you must know much more than those three to four hours of music. You must also have enough “spare” repertoire to mix up each show, to respond to requests and have songs available for special occasions. As a cabaret singer, you will need to be able call a song to celebrate anything from 21st birthdays and 50th wedding anniversaries, to bat mitzvahs and Christmas. You’ll not only need to know the words to songs, but also the keys you sing them in so you can call them out to your accompanying musicians.
- Find a mentor in a successful performer. The most effective way to learn the art of cabaret singing is to work or play with other successful cabaret singers. If you can’t work with them, take the time to watch as many experienced performers as possible. You will gain performance experience, develop your repertoire and build a valuable Rolodex of venue managers and musicians.
- Develop your promotional materials. Cabaret singing is a business, and you provide a valuable service to venue owners by attracting people to their establishments. Treat it like a business and establish a marketing plan and budget. You will need business cards, a mailing and e-mailing list, and a website. Create a demo recording to showcase your vocal talents. You will need to create a social media presence, too.
- Market yourself to venue managers. Call the venue, or visit in person and ask who books the entertainment. Tell them you’d like to book your act. If they don’t know who you are yet, you should have some promotional material you can get in their hands quickly. Set a fee that is agreeable to the venue management, yet still adequately compensates you and your musicians for their time, including travel, setup and tear-down times. You may want to identify whether the venue is a union establishment or not. Many hotels in some areas only hire union musicians. If this is the case, you may need to join a musician’s union to play.
The West African nation of Mali is famed for tie-dyed textiles and unique colors and prints used in its garments. The culture is lively, and that is reflected in the garments you see throughout the entire nation, no matter which region you are in. Although Western clothing is becoming more popular, you can still see much of the traditional dress that the Malian people pride themselves on.
Silk skirts, tunics and long dresses are popular choices for Mali women, particularly the pagne, which is a wraparound skirt. Traditionally, women also wear turbans that match their dresses. The boubou, which is a full-length tunic, is a traditional men’s garment.
The Republic of Mali consists of many individual tribes and ethnic groups that have developed their own colors and styles of clothing. The Tuareg tribe, for instance, specializes in making a specific indigo blue cloth that is also used for making wedding blankets.
As a result of globalization and previous colonization, Western style has also impacted Mali clothing, particularly in the cities. Many men wear Western-style pants, shirts and tunics to work, while women are in wraparound skirts and tunics, and even occasionally pants.
Making your own rock candy flavorings at home is easy, but requires even more patience than making rock candy. You’ll be making extract, like the familiar vanilla extract, but you can make it with virtually anything–fruits, vegetables, herbs or spices. If you’re brave enough, make all of the unusual extracts you want; you just might discover that black pepper rock candy is tastier than it sounds.
Clean and dry a large jar with a rubber seal and an airtight lid.
Prepare the ingredient or ingredients you want to use to make your flavoring. If you’re using something flavorful and fairly self contained like cinnamon sticks or peppercorns, you don’t need to do anything. Vanilla beans should be sliced down the middle to expose their contents. If you’re using a fruit or vegetable, wash and peel the fruit and chop it into small cubes. If you’re using fresh herbs, chop them coarsely. Keep in mind that you will need to strain this out at the end of the process, so avoid using dried powders or anything that will completely disintegrate after soaking in liquid. For best results, use only one ingredient and make multiple flavorings if you want to combine flavors.
Put your flavoring ingredient in the bottom of the jar.
Pour in some vodka. You can approximate how much you add, but try to aim for a five-to-one vodka to ingredient volume ratio for all dried ingredients, and a three-to-one ratio for all fresh ingredients.
Seal the jar tightly. Give it a good shake and store it somewhere cool and dry.
Wait eight weeks while the mixture turns into an extract. Every three or four days or so, give the jar a shake.
Pour the mixture through a very fine mesh strainer into another clean container. You may need to strain the mixture a few times to get out all of the pulp and particles, but it’s worth taking your time to strain your extract well.
Store the extract in small airtight jars or bottles. Preferably use colored glass instead of clear glass to best preserve the extract flavor.
5. Stone Temple Pilots
Could grunge grow outside of Seattle? That was the question in 1992, when San Diego-based rockers Stone Temple Pilots arrived with their ‘Core’ album, leading the second wave of grunge. The brutal lead single ‘Sex Type Thing’ introduced the band and vocal style of Scott Weiland. But it was the second song ‘Plush,’ with its memorable rhythmic guitar lines that truly established the band. Though they would evolve into a more straight-ahead rock band over time, the ‘Core’ and ‘Purple’ records had songs firmly implanted in the grunge sound.
After forming in Seattle in the ’80s, Soundgarden finally broke through with the 1991 single ‘Outshined,’ followed by the spirited follow-up ‘Rusty Cage.’ Blending in some of their punk roots, Soundgarden provided a frenetic interpretation early on before settling into a moodier, more trudging sound. Singer Chris Cornell shined on such hits as ‘Spoonman,’ ‘Black Hole Sun,’ ‘Fell on Black Days,’ and ‘Pretty Noose.’ There’s no doubt Soundgarden deserves their upper echelon ranking in the Top 10 Grunge Bands list.
3. Alice in Chains
Was there a more impactful partnership in the grunge scene than Alice in Chains guitarist/vocalist Jerry Cantrell and powerhouse frontman Layne Staley? The pair’s harmonies were unmatched, with Staley delivering the extra punch when things got really heavy. ‘Man in the Box’ put them on the musical map in 1991, and by the following year, they spawned the grunge masterpiece, ‘Dirt,’ which featured such classics as ‘Would?,’ ‘Rooster,’ ‘Them Bones’ and ‘Angry Chair.’
2. Pearl Jam
Formed after the demise of Mother Love Bone, Pearl Jam emerged from the ashes to soar with 1991’s ‘Ten’ album. The rhythmically heavy ‘Alive’ set the tone for the group, while the hard-hitting ‘Even Flow’ cemented their status as a band to be reckoned with. And by the time ‘Jeremy’ commanded MTV’s airwaves, everyone knew Pearl Jam. The ‘Vs.’ and ‘Vitalogy’ albums kept the grunge vibes going, and the band is still one of the most successful touring acts to this day.
It’s hard to argue against Nirvana as the No. 1 act of our 10 Best Grunge Bands list, as they essentially put the genre on the map with their 1991 classic, ‘Nevermind.’ But things didn’t stop with ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit,’ as ‘Come As You Are,’ ‘Lithium’ and their ‘In Utero’ favorites ‘Heart Shaped Box’ and ‘Rape Me’ are as good as they come in the grunge world. Sadly, we lost Kurt Cobain in 1994, but the fact that the band reached iconic status speaks to the quality of the music and their dominance in such a short timespan.
- Traditional music is a symbol for a nation’s culture. The lyrics in traditional music often deal with national historical events and issues that occurred at the time the song was written. The music can be used to identify a certain group of people and unite them. The music has strong emotional ties, as certain pieces are often played during national holidays or other events. Traditional music can help unite people from the music’s country of origin.
Lack of Copyrights
- Due to the lack of copyrights on traditional music, the music can be sampled and used by modern artists and others without having to pay royalties. The artists who wrote the original music often never got credit for it and as a result did not receive recognition for their creations. In addition, the artist never received any money for writing the music.
- An important part of traditional music is the use of traditional instruments. Many of these instruments are never used in other forms of music. The preservation of traditional music keeps the artisans who create these traditional instruments in business. The instruments are also a symbol of national culture, and as much as the music can represent a people, so too can the instruments.
Loss of Music
- Traditional music was passed on through oral traditions, and many songs were never formally written down or recorded. As such, over time many of these songs have been lost to the ages, and future generations have been deprived of the music. Since many traditional songs have not been recorded, they can be difficult to find and exhibit.
- Note the location of the area you are looking or have found an existing artifact. Settlements near rivers were common as travel by waterways was useful and water was a necessary resource. A search near a a river or old river bed may yield artifacts and rocks used by the inhabitants.
- Compare the shape of the artifact or rock to items known to be used by native people. Arrowheads are common artifacts, as well as sharpened rocks for skinning or cutting animals. Pottery or shards of pottery are obvious man-used materials, which can then be further examined for origin. If the shape of the item looks like it has been altered for human use, it may be an Indian artifact.
- Examine the material of the item to compare to known Indian tribes or commonly used materials from the area of the previous inhabitants. Items like animal skins or natural fibers don’t often withstand the elements or deterioration of time unless they have been protected. Rock, pottery or bone artifacts can often be found intact. Determine if the material is consistent with the native inhabitants and compare it to documented items used by tribes in that particular area for comparison.
- Take the item to a local expert for the native people in the area. A museum or archeology department at the local college may have displays or documentation and staff familiar with the area’s previous inhabitants and have the expertise to help identify your artifact or rock as being part of a native collection.l
The focus on most discussions of blues and jazz has to do with the similarities — the common points of origin and the way both genres of music spread up the banks of the Mississippi, both culturally and geographically. The differences between them are both obvious and subtle, with tremendous crossover.